Bangsbo Museum, Fort and Bunker Museum
Not far from Frederikshavn you will find the beautiful
Bangsbo Hovedgaard. The old building is surrounded by
medieval moats and forms the framework of Bangsbo
Museum and Bangsbo Botanical Garden, as well as the
Bangsbo Fortress and Bunker Museum.
Enjoy a walk around the beautiful old manor house,
which now houses a large collection of furniture and
clothes. Here you will also find a permanent exhibition
about the history of the Port of Frederikshavn, and in the
Banquet hall, special exhibitions are held with events
throughout the year.
Every year, you can visit the Bangsbo Flower Festival,
which attracts guests from near and far.
And if you come to Bangsbo Hovedgaard, the garden
is definitely worth a visit. It’s magical. When you step
into Bangsbo Botanical Garden’s and its abundance of
scents and colors, it is not difficult to dream oneself back
to Bangsbo’s heyday when the gardener performed his
work wearing suits and high hat.
In the old English-inspired gardens, poetry and history
still live between rhododendrons, roses and primula.
Since Bangsbo’s heyday in the 15th century, the area has
been laid out as a garden plant, whether it has been a
herb garden, or departments with fruit trees and decorative
The gardens around Bangsbo have always been there
and reflected the interest of the time in the garden, and in
the 19th century Bangsbo was the idyllic place that future
poets navigated to experience peace and quiet.
The gardens have undergone major changes depending
on which owner sat in the hall and what style was now
up in the time. Like Hovedgaarden. Bangsbo Hovedgaard
has lived a very changeable life, both in terms of architecture
and its many owners. Since 1364, when Bangsbo
was first mentioned in a letter of April 13, the building has
been demolished and rebuilt many times, and a whole 49
times a new owner’s letter has been drawn up.
The buildings today house cozy museums, with extensions
where, among other things, apermanent exhibitions
on eg. Frederikshavn’s role in World War II and the
Local History Museum.
Just 2 kilometers from Bangsbo Hovedgaard you will find
Bangsbo Fort and Bunkermuseet. Bangsbo Fort is located
at Pikkerbakken in 82 meters high, which gives a fantastic
view over Frederikshavn and the Kattegat. In clear
weather you can see both Skagen and Læsø. The plant
was built during World War II by the German occupying
power and expanded by the Danish navy during the Cold
War. The fort is thus used for two historical periods, which
distinguishes it from other fortified areas in Denmark.
The fort is a fortification facility consisting of 80 concrete
plants, of which 70 were built during World War II. The last
10 bunkers were built in 1950 by the Navy, who still owns
and uses a smaller part of the fort.
Bangsbo Fort, which is a partly open military area, is
located on a hill plateau in the southern edge of Frederikshavn
harbor. Right on Pikkerbakken which is one of the
many hills that were formed when the seabed was
pushed up at the end of the last ice age. The ground
consists mainly of clay and stone. The height of the hill is
up to 84 meters. The steep slopes facing the sea and the
extraordinary nature make the place unique.
The strategic importance of the hill as an observation site
dates back hundreds of years. At Denmark’s occupation
on April 9, 1940, the German navy immediately declared
the area of a coastal battery and an air defense battery.
Both batteries with the task of protecting Frederikshavn
Harbor from enemy attacks. The port was important for
the Germans in connection with the transports to and
from Norway as well as the base for the war marine’s
activities in the Kattegat and Skagerrak.
During the occupation, the navy extended its installations
several times on site. A massive expansion of the area
came at the end of 1942, when the construction of the
Germans’ Atlantvold accelerated. The task of the wall was
to prevent the Allies from making landing on this coast. In
Denmark, Atlantvolden started on the Pikkerbakken and
then crossed Skagen to the Danish-German border.
Today, the Navy still has the 35 acres area. Kattegat Marine
District - which monitors the northern Danish waters
- located in a closed area. The rest of the area, which is 27
acres, has been deserted since the 1960s and has only
been used for training purposes to a limited extent. In the
early 1990s, guided tours of the area were opened.
It was especially the three preserved 15 centimeter guns
in the firing piles that were displayed - also referred to as
Niels Juels guns. In 2004, the Navy began a larger and
more permanent opening of the area to the public, including
in the form of the Queen’s path. In 2005, Bangsbo
Museum moved into the fort and took over the dissemination
and the museum activities.
In June 2005, the museum bunker opened in the middle
of the area of what was once the German Commander’s
Command Bunker. In the following years, additional
bunkers have been involved in the museum’s communication
on the spot, and a wide range of activities have