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KOUNKUEY DESIGN INITIATIVE / USA: KIBERA PUBLIC SPACE PROJECT 01-07, KIBERA, 2006-2014 Kibera is the largest informal settlement in sub-Saharan Africa. It occupies a space that is two-thirds the size of New York City’s Central Park and consists of thirteen villages. Despite the roughly $25 million spent by more than 200 NGOs each year, Kibera has no formal trash collections system or dumping site and only one toilet per 250 people. Most families live on $1 a day and unemployment is over 50%. The government owns the land, while homes are constructed and owned by middle-income Kenyans who live outside of Kibera and then occupied and rented by low-income Kenyans. Housing density is incredibly high, with densities reaching 2,300 people per hectare, leaving little traditional open space. Kounkuey Design Initiative (KDI) transforms impoverished communities by collaborating with residents to create low-cost, high-impact built environments (Productive Public Spaces) that improve their daily lives. The keywords are: Identify, participate, design/build/sustain. 105


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