148 ADAUA, Jak Vautherin, Fabrizio Carola, Birahim Niang and Shamsuddin N’Dow / Mauritania KAEDI REGIONAL HOSPITAL, KAEDI, MAURITANIA, 1992 The hospital is built up with a variety of domes; some are quite simple, others are more complex in terms of construction technique. The dome is not a form normally associated with the region’s dry desert climate, where flat roofs and tents are most common. The aim has been to bring a new construction technique to the area that could use available materials and whose form could be repeated with variations. The bricks have been made on the spot by local craftsmen, who have also learned the construction techniques for the various domes. The ground plan for the hospital has clear associations with the traditional circular hut and the organization of villages in circular patterns that typifies many regions in sub-Saharan Africa. Enclaves and passages, however, form a more ramified system, since the domes are placed internally in relation to the various wards of the hospital which require isolation. The great majority of spaces are naturally ventilated. Only a few are hermetically sealed for hygienic reasons and have air-conditioning.
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