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Luyanda Mpahlwa Design Space Africa / South Africa 10 X 10 SANDBAG HOUSES, CAPE TOWN, SOUTH AFRICA, 2009 After the end of apartheid in South Africa in 1994 the government took the initiative to build 300,000 new houses a year for the poor – and predominantly black – population in the town ships. Local architects were commissioned to design 10 houses of 40 m2. 10 x 10 Sandbag Houses is two-story houses made of sandbags carried by a wooden frame. Sand is not only an inexpensive material, but also an outstanding insulator, which can be built without the use of machines. The future residents filled the sand bags themselves, and installed them in the wooden frame. User involvement was crucial for a successful process, since many residents tend to be skeptical of new construction methods. BUILT BY USERS 195


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